Our Internal Systems
Tuesday, October 13, 2020
“There is not one muscle in the body over which man cannot establish a perfect control. The heart can be made to stop or go on at his bidding, and each part of the organism can be similarly controlled.”
~ Swamivivekananda Skeletal System
The 206 bones of the skeleton comprise the body’s supporting internal framework. Various bone types make up the human body.
· Stores calcium and phosphorus necessary for strength, flexibility, nerve and muscle function
· Anchors for our muscles
· Marrow inside long and flat bones creates 2.5 million new red blood cells each second, which facilitates the transfer of oxygen to our lungs to our tissues
· Spine supports and stabilizes the upper body and houses the spinal cord Muscular System
Muscles give the body it’s shape and generate heat to help maintain a healthy body temperature.
· Muscle tone keeps the body upright and protect the internal organs
· Abdominal muscles form the center of the body and connect to the muscles of the upper limbs, lower limbs, and back
· Weak abdominal muscles can lead to injuries throughout the skeletal system Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system (CNS). All the nerves that branch from the brain and spinal cord make up the peripheral nervous system (PNS). These systems monitor and manage every movement in the body. The PNS sends information to the CNS, which is processed by the CNS and sends a response back.
· The main conduit between the brain and the body
· Non-thinking reflex responses protect the body
· The Autonomic, involuntary, nerves regulate the body’s “fight or flight” responses. Blood flow increases to our organs, increasing our ability to take action
· The Sciatic nerve is the thickest and longest nerve in the body. Increased pressure on sciatic nerve can cause sciatica, usually pressure from a vertebral disc
The length of the digestive system is approximately 25 feet. Our digestive tract converts the food we eat to fuel our bodies and nourish the cells that perform all of the body’s major functions.Respiratory System
The lungs take in oxygen when we inhale and exhale carbon dioxide. The oxygen is then transported via blood to every cell of the body. Circulatory System
The circulatory system is made up of the heart and one hundred thousand miles of blood vessels. These vessels supply oxygenated blood to every part of the body.Integumentary System
The integumentary system includes the body’s skin, sweat glands, hair, and nails. The skin functions as a sensory receptor, a protector of tissues beneath, and as a regulator of body temperature.
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